Information security

Implementing information security has become crucial for organisations in an increasingly interconnected environment. Today, every organisation needs protection against cyberattacks and security threats. Hence, the implementation could result in data breach risk prevention, detection and respond to internal and external threats.

Malicious code, computer hacking and denial-of-service attacks have only grown in the age of digital advances and technological trends. Hence, several of the Indian organisations are now looking to update their information security strategies, improving staff awareness, and policies to meet the requirements.

Evaluation of threats and vulnerabilities has today become an important task. As a result, many Indian firms are now offering promising careers in the information security sector. This would help to establish and implement control measures and procedures to minimise cyber risk and privacy monitoring and compliance.

Following are the five information security careers that are today in huge demands:

1. IT Security Consultant: Also known as security analysts, they are known for pinpointing vulnerabilities in computer systems, networks, and software programs. They work with the design, implementation and operational teams to find solutions against hackers. The IT security consultants play an important role in both the small and large business organisations.

To become one, the applicant needs a Bachelor’s degree in cybersecurity or other similar fields. Both technical and soft skills are necessary to understand the overall security and threat landscape and propose solutions to mitigate risks. Those with professional certifications have a higher chance of getting noticed by big companies.

2. Ethical Hacker/Penetration Tester: The role of an Ethical Hacker or a Penetration Tester is to find loopholes and vulnerabilities in systems. The penetration testing is often carried out by ethical hackers, which are information technology (IT) experts who use hacking methods to help companies identify possible entry points into their infrastructure.

Organisations can also use pen testing to test their adherence to compliance regulations. The process involves performing an authorised cyberattack on systems to evaluate the security of the system, find configuration issues, zero-day vulnerabilities etc. The goal is to minimise the number of retroactive upgrades and maximise an organization’s security. Though, it’s clearly very different from a vulnerability assessment.

A bachelor’s degree in cybersecurity is a must to become an Ethical Hacker or a Penetration Tester.

3. Cyber Forensic Analysts/Investigator: They have a very important role of assisting the cybercrimes and cybersecurity investigations. They possess the ability to recover hidden, encrypted or deleted information in special cases involving espionage, hacking, fraud, organised cybercrime and distribution of illegal content etc.

The candidates with this qualification have a strong job outlook. They even offer expert insights to law enforcement personnel and prosecutors, and also help in preparing evidence before criminal trials. These are employed both by private industries offering financial services, information technology, computing, network security and defense sectors and criminal justice systems that represent a significant employment base for these professionals.

To become a cyber forensic analyst, one needs to have a bachelor’s degree or a master’s degree in computer forensics and computer engineering, or a cybersecurity degree. The candidates will have to constantly upgrade their skills to be able to respond to any incident or threat. The link includes some of the top colleges in India providing cyber forensics.

4. Chief Information Security Officer (CISO): It is one of the higher positions responsible for organising and directing all the security-related issues and needs within the cyber field. They have the authority to interact with upper management and respond to incidents, establish appropriate standards and controls, and manage security technologies, with detailed plans to ensure cybersecurity of the company.

The candidates with a bachelor’s degree in cybersecurity along with an experience of a few years are qualified to become a CISO. However, the ones with the master’s degree in cybersecurity are preferred by large companies. The candidate must be flexible enough to work with the other executives so as to profit an organisation in a responsible and ethical manner.

5. Compliance and Auditing: Those opting for this job profile must know how to operate businesses so that they can review an enterprise’s adherence to regulatory guidelines and promote growth. Clearly, one needs to have a proper knowledge of the underlying technology and business models, rather than programming skills.

There is quite a difference between compliance and auditing. The first is all about meeting legal and regulatory obligations in a compliant way. Meanwhile, the other one is responsible for taking these objectives and check if they were achieved.

Compliance is an ongoing process that is open to improvement and change of laws and requirements. Whereas audit function involves being independent, evaluating how effectively and efficiently the business has met own internal control policies, processes and procedures.

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